Positioning PA tops correctly – 10 tips for good sound



Positioning PA speakers optimally – you need to pay attention to these basics.

Place tops above the audience in stereo

People absorb sound. Position the tops above the audience so that intelligibility does not suffer further back. Use at least two positions (stereo).

Do not overdrive. Stay in the green zone.

If you put too much level on the speakers, not only the speakers but also the quality of the sound reproduction will suffer. Avoid clipping on the mixer.

Take your time, keep things tidy and stay safe.

Take several hours to set up, lay the cables properly, mark them and make sure that the audience area is safe.

The correct positioning of PA tops (Public Address System loudspeakers) is crucial to ensure the best sound at your event. Whether at a concert, a conference or a party, the quality of your sound depends heavily on how you position your speakers. Here are detailed tips on what to look out for and what to avoid at all costs.


Before you set up your PA tops, it is important that you develop a feel for the acoustics of the room. Every room has its own acoustic properties. Rooms with many reflective surfaces such as glass or concrete can cause echo and distortion. It can be helpful to place your speakers strategically or use sound absorbers.


Height and angle: The ideal height for your PA tops is such that they optimally cover the audience. They should be tilted slightly downwards to ensure direct sound propagation to the listeners. Be careful not to position them too high or too low to avoid poor sound quality.

Avoid pointing the speakers directly over the heads of the audience, as this affects the room acoustics and can lead to lower sound quality and intelligibility. Even if the room has good acoustic properties, your audience will enjoy much better sound quality if the system is aimed at them. If possible, place the speakers 2.8 to 3.3 meters above the floor and align them at head height about 2/3 above the audience to ensure even coverage without excessive interference from the room. In the operating instructions for Funktion One tops such as the F1201 you will find further information on the optimum positioning of PA tops.


Stereo image: For optimum stereo reproduction, the speakers should be positioned symmetrically to the center of the listening area. This creates a balanced sound field that is pleasant for most listeners.
Distance from the wall: Keep an appropriate distance from walls and corners to avoid unwanted bass boosts and reflections.


Feedback occurs when the microphone captures the sound from the loudspeakers and repeats it. To prevent this, position the microphones so that they are not directly in front of or under the speakers. Directional microphones are a good choice to reduce the likelihood of feedback


Walk around the room and listen to how the sound sounds in different areas. This helps you to identify areas with poor sound quality and adjust them accordingly.


Carry out extensive sound checks before the event to test and adjust the sound quality. Pay particular attention to the clarity of the language and the balance of the music.


For outdoor events, you need to take into account additional factors such as wind and ambient noise. Align the speakers so that they interfere as little as possible with these elements.


Do not overload your speakers. Adhere to the power limits recommended by the manufacturer to avoid distortion and potential damage.


Proper cable management is important to avoid tripping hazards and ensure reliable signal transmission. Make sure that your cables are well organized and securely routed.


Make sure that the speakers are securely mounted and stable. This is particularly important in areas where people might move or dance.


Be prepared to make adjustments during the event to react to changing conditions. Regular maintenance and inspection of the equipment ensures that it always functions optimally.


Setting up your PA tops correctly can make the difference between a good event and a great one. With these tips, you’ll be well prepared to deliver the best sound for your audience. Pay attention to the acoustics of the room, position your speakers strategically, avoid feedback and make sure everything is installed safely and neatly. With careful planning and preparation, you will be able to create an impressive sound experience.

Event technology guide – more articles

Digital DJ players – special features of CDJ, XDJ and co.

Digital DJ players – special features of CDJ, XDJ and co.

Operating as a DJ in the digital world means familiarizing yourself with a variety of technologies. Pioneer CDJs are a central component of modern DJ sets. In this guide, you'll find out how CDJs work, how to connect them to a DJ mixer, how to operate them and what...

Microphones for events – The ultimate guide

Microphones for events – The ultimate guide

Microphones play a central role in the world of audio recording and event technology. They are the first link in the sound recording chain and convert the sound into an electrical voltage that can be further processed or amplified. In this article, we will take an...